Parents love jumpers for their babies. They keep the babies stationary in a location while entertaining them with sounds, toys, spinning, bounce etc. Jumpers let the parents do their chores or other duties peacefully.
Secondly, jumpers are really good for the growth of the baby. They combine some activities which help the baby’s psyche and physique to grow in a healthy way. The baby can jump, spin around, and use their hand to play with the toys.
Price of jumpers varies according to the functions and features. There are so many different kinds of jumpers. There are stationary jumpers which let the baby just hang in a place jump and spin. There are activity jumpers which are much like stationary jumpers but, these have a tray filled with many different toys. Then there are doorway jumpers. These jumpers have seat which is suspended from straps which attach with a cable from the top of the door frame.
You see, choosing among countless products can be a quite daunting task. That’s why we have selected the best baby jumpers for you. Choosing any of them will result in a happy experience for you. Additionally, we have given away many tips and advice here, if you follow them, then you’ll have no difficulty finding and using the best jumper for your baby.
Table of Contents
- Most Effective Buying Guide for Best Baby Jumpers
- Comparison Table of Best Baby Jumpers
- 10 Best Baby Jumpers Reviews from Experienced Mom
- 1. Fisher-Price Rainforest Jumperoo
- 2. Fisher-Price Luv U Zoo Jumperoo
- 3. Baby Einstein Activity Jumper Special Edition, Neighborhood Friends
- 4. Fisher Price Pink Petals Jumperoo
- 5. Summer Infant Pop N’ Jump Portable Activity Center
- 6. Baby Einstein Neptune’s Ocean Discovery Jumper
- 7. Fisher Price Woodland Friends Spacesaver Jumperoo
- 8. Evenflo ExerSaucer Jump and Learn Jumper, Jungle Quest
- 9. Fisher-Price Laugh & Learn Jumperoo
- 10. Disney Baby MINNIE MOUSE PickABoo Activity Jumper
- Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)
- Since when can I start using a baby jumper for my baby and when will the baby outgrow it?
- Manufacturers say that jumpers help babies develop their motor skills, is it true? If so, how does the process work?
- There are some jumpers which require doorways and some don’t, why is that? What are the basic differences between them?
- Final Verdict
Most Effective Buying Guide for Best Baby Jumpers
For parents, buying the right jumper is imperative. You can’t just go and buy the first thing which gets thrown at you. There are some important and fundamental things which you should consider before buying the jumper to ensure you’re getting the right one.
The materials used to build the jumper should be of highest quality. Flimsy materials can lead to gruesome accidents. Usually, jumpers use metal frame and plastic to construct these. Go for the ones which use steel as they’re more durable. The jumper seat rotates in most cases, they use spring. If the springs aren’t covered, your baby’s fingers might get hurt. Padded covers should be a priority.
The seat of the jumper is if utmost importance. Though the seats of the jumpers will be different from one another, you should look for some certain attributes while choosing. If the seats are padded, they’ll be comfortable for the baby. Their tender parts will be safe all the while. Baby’s grow very fast during childhood. For the ever-growing baby, there must be height adjustment setting. Otherwise, the baby will quickly outgrow it. Fisher-Price, Evenflo, Baby Einstein etc. manufacture many different jumpers which have padded seat and adjustable height. After that, for your own convenience, try those which have removable and machine washable seats. They will ensure easy maintenance and you won’t face any extra hassle because of the jumper.
Jumpers are not essential items like cribs. You won’t need it every day. So, when you’re not using it, it must be stored. If you don’t want to waste too much storage space or only have a small space to spare for the jumper, then a portable jumper which can be disassembled should be the priority. Portable jumpers will also render a great help if you want to take them with you somewhere. They’re much easier to move from one place to another.
The activity jumpers usually have various toys and activities to make the time in the jumper worthwhile and enjoyable for the baby. There are some jumpers with electronic stations which provide lights, sounds, and music for the baby.
You should notice the kind of toys your baby likes to play with. Maybe he/she likes to play with soft toys or maybe he/she likes the ones which rattle. If you follow the lead and bring home a jumper which features toys according to the taste of your baby, more often than not, the jumper will be an instant hit. You have a huge collection to choose from, so finding the desired jumper is not very tough. Some of the manufacturers construct themed jumpers, like the Disney Baby MINNIE MOUSE PickABoo Activity Jumper or Baby Einstein Neptune’s Ocean Discovery Jumper. So, you can keep the child happy with the toys of his/her interest.
Try to consider the aforementioned characteristics. If you go through them, then dissatisfaction while using the jumper will be highly unlikely.
Comparison Table of Best Baby Jumpers
|Product Image||Product Name||Product Weight||Product Dimensions||Product Review|
|Fisher-Price Rainforest Jumperoo||16 pounds||37 x 32 x 32 inches||Read Review|
|Fisher-Price Luv U Zoo Jumperoo||17.2 pounds||24 x 22 x 7.3 inches||Read Review|
|Baby Einstein Activity Jumper Special Edition, Neighborhood Friends||19.2 pounds||30.5 x 33 x 29 inches||Read Review|
|Fisher-Price Pink Petals Jumperoo||15.5 pounds||7.5 x 23.5 x 24 inches||Read Review|
|Summer Infant Pop N' Jump Portable Activity Center||10.9 pounds||26 x 26 x 38 inches||Read Review|
|Baby Einstein Neptune's Ocean Discovery Jumper||14.4 pounds||32 x 32 x 33.1 inches||Read Review|
|Fisher-Price Woodland Friends SpaceSaver Jumperoo||1 pounds||7 x 23 x 23.5 inches||Read Review|
|Evenflo ExerSaucer Jump and Learn Jumper, Jungle Quest||19.2 pounds||10 x 23.5 x 29 inches||Read Review|
|Fisher-Price Laugh & Learn Jumperoo||17 pounds||32.5 x 32.5 x 31.5 inches||Read Review|
|Disney Baby MINNIE MOUSE PeekABoo Activity Jumper||12.8 pounds||31 x 27 x 34 inches||Read Review|
10 Best Baby Jumpers Reviews from Experienced Mom
A place where your baby will grow and develop while sitting, jumping and playing, the Fisher-Price Rainforest Jumperoo is an excellent tool for the development of your baby.
It is appropriate for a child who can hold his head up without any help and also can’t climb out or walk. It has been built with the intention to aid the baby with optimum comfort and security. The seat rotates 360 degrees, allowing comfortable movement for the baby. There are soft springs which keep the fingers of your baby safe. The seat is adjustable in three different height settings. The free-standing frame is very sturdy, it is made of steel and lets the baby jump safely.
This jumper contributes hugely to the development process of your baby. It helps them develop their motor skills. The jumperoo is decorated with various toys, a bobbling elephant, a parrot hanging from a bar, a monkey swinging from a vine, hide and seek to play tiger and more. The jumperoo has rewards the jump of the baby with music, lights, and sounds, which encourages the baby to jump or move more.
The Fisher-Price Rainforest jumperoo is really easy to use and store. The portable and simple fold helps the users everywhere. A nested position is acquired from the pivoting frame while storing. The opening process is also easy because it doesn’t need any doorway to be used. This jumperoo is appropriate for children up to 25 pounds and 32 inches. A fine instruments for the entertainment and development of your baby, that’s what it is.
- Item Weight: 16 pounds
- Dimensions: 37 x 32 x 32 inches
- Maximum recommended weight and height: 25 pounds and 32 inches
- 360 degree rotation
- Three different adjustable height
- Toys set on five positions on the platform
- Sensitive jumperoo has got music, sounds, and lights as a rewarding
- Requires 2 AA batteries
- Small overhead canopy with hanging toys
- Contributes to the development process of the baby
- Safe and durable
- Easy to store, open and carry
- Entertaining and adorable toys
- Encourages babies to move and interact
- Not ideal for children who can’t hold their head high without help
Jumperoos are quite helpful for the growth and development of the babies. They help babies develop their motor skills and also keep them occupied. The Fisher-Price Luv U Zoo Jumperoo fulfills all the requirements of an ideal jumperoo and offers much more to its customers.
This jumperoo is built from steel. It is freestanding and naturally very sturdy. It will accommodate the growing legs of your baby very nicely as it has got three adjustable seat height setting. The seat rotates 360 degrees so the baby can move all around with ease. Also, to keep the fingers on the baby safe, it has got soft spring covers.
It encourages the movements of the baby, awarding your little angel with music, sounds, and lights whenever he/she jumps. Various toys will relieve the baby from monotony. This product is made of metal, polyester, and plastic.
- Adjusts to three different heights
- Soft spring covers
- Plastic, polyester and metal construction
- Lights, music, and sounds like rewarding system
- Capable of spinning 360 degrees
- Doesn’t require any doorway
- Maximum weight and height limit: 25 pounds and 32 inches
- Dimensions: 24 x 22 x 7.3 inches
- Ensures an enjoyable environment for the baby
- Safe from hazards
- Sturdy and strongly built
- It grows with the baby with the help of 3 different height setting
- Easy opening and folding system, portable and easy to use
- Lead-free, so it won’t pollute the baby
- The Luv U Zoo jumperoo takes more effort to move than the Rainforest jumperoo of Fisher Price
- This jumperoo is a bit tall, so reaching the toys can be a bit tiresome in the beginning
The Baby Einstein Activity Jumper Special Edition is a jumperoo which will amaze you with its superior security and comfort. Your baby will enjoy every second spent on this jumperoo.
Many of the contemporary jumperoos are said to have uncomfortable seats or seat height which do more harm than benefit to the babies. This Baby Einstein jumperoo has got superior seating system. It has got added height and padding which ensure maximum comfort for the babies. Not only that, it grows with the baby too as it has got 5 height settings.
There are some amazing features this jumperoo comes with. It has got a language learning system for your baby installed in it. Your baby can learn each or any of the three languages, English, French, and Spanish. There are more than 12 activities available in this jumperoo for the baby. Apart from the language learning thing, your baby can play the piano which will activate classical melodies and lights to entertain the baby. It has got many toys for the baby to play with. But, that’s not all, there are additional link loops so you can also add some of the favorite toys of the baby.
Your baby will definitely enjoy his stay here on this jumperoo, and you’ll be free from tension about the growth and security of your baby
- Item Weight: 20.6 pounds
- Dimensions: 30.5 x 33 x 29 inches
- Weight limit: from 15 pounds to 25 pounds
- 360-degree rotation for the baby
- Electric piano with classical music, piano key tone, and language discovery
- English, French and Spanish language discovery system
- More than 12 activities
- 5 height adjustment setting
- Enhanced padding
- Additional link loop
- Superior comfort and security
- Electric piano has got helpful features
- Language discovery system and other features help the growth of the baby
- Grows with the baby because of 5 height adjustment setting
- Full access to the toys for the baby
- Heavier than some other jumperoos
- Not appropriate for babies under 15 pounds
Fisher Price is quite known for their quality products. They have got a range of attractive jumperoos. The Pink Petal jumperoo is one of the signature Fisher Price products determined to make you and your baby both smile.
This jumperoo is compatible with babies who can hold their head up without any outside help, you can use it from then until the baby reaches the stage when he/she can climb out or walk.
It ensures a long time of use for your baby. Babies grow pretty swiftly and, to accommodate your growing baby, it has got three adjustable different heights. So, throughout the use, your baby will be comfortable.
This jumperoo will encourage your baby with various features to move and respond more. With the enhanced response, his/her body strength; balance and motor skills will get developed. This jumperoo has got lights, music and sounds reward for the babies which encourage every single jump and bounce the baby makes.
The Fisher-Price Pink Petals jumperoo has got some amazing toys for the amusement of the baby. And, all those toys are easily accessible because your child can rotate 360 degrees while in the seat.
A long and comfortable use is a promise which this product handsomely fulfills. It has got free-standing, sturdy steel frame. So, you can use it with complete complacency.
- Item Weight: 15.5 pounds
- Dimensions: 7.5 x 23.5 x 24 inches
- Steel, plastic and polyester construction
- 360-degree rotation
- Sounds, music, and lights used as reward and encouragement for the movements of the baby
- Easy fold frame
- Machine washable seat cover
- Durable jumperoo can last a long time
- Machine washable seat cover, easy-fold frame makes it easy to use and carry
- 3 different heights keep the baby comfortable all the while
- Beautiful pink design
- Not recommended for babies who can’t hold their head up without assistance
An incredible activity center for both indoors and outdoors, the Pop N’ Jump lets you keep your baby occupied in an amusing environment. It has got a nice collection of toys and some effective features which will impress you.
Portability is a defining feature of this one. It comes with a travel bag which has got shoulder straps attached to it. This compact bag perfectly suits active parents who need to take this activity center with them from place to place. It is really easy to fold and unfold. It is lightweight, just 10 pounds and it comes completely assembled. So, you won’t need to sweat over the assembling process.
The maintenance process is really convenient too. You can easily detach the jumping support seat and wash it through the washing machine.
This activity center really looks after the baby with comfort and security. Its height can be adjusted according to your choice as it has got three height adjustment setting. Also, there’s a special canopy attached to this product. This canopy protects your baby from harmful rays of the sun. There’s a soft fabric underneath, which protects the soft feet of your baby. So, the baby will have fun while jumping. Your baby can start using this when he is just six months old. That means it will help start the baby’s development process very early.
- Item Weight: 10 pounds
- Dimensions: 26 x 26 x 38 inches
- UV canopy
- Soft fabric under the feet
- Compact and lightweight folding frame
- Travel bag
- Easily removable and machine washable jumping support seat
- 3 level height adjustment setting
- Recommended for babies from 6 to 12 months
- Lightweight, easy to carry and fold
- Maintenance is very smooth and friendly
- Helps the baby to grow and develop
- All round protection through the canopy and fabric underneath. The UV canopy protects the baby from harmful rays
- Amusing toys
- Recommended for babies from 6 to 12 months. That means it will be appropriate for just six months, then a new activity center or jumper will be needed
Jam-packed with exciting toys the Baby Einstein Neptune’s Ocean Discovery Jumper is an ingenious choice for parents. This classy and functional jumper will help the psyche and physic of your baby grow comprehensively.
It becomes suitable for use when the baby hits the six months mark. From then, you can use this jumper until the child weighs 25 pounds.
This jumper has got amazing, aesthetic and beneficial theme and toys for the baby. It has got a removable turtle station. The child can get introduced to numbers and colors in any of the three languages (English, French, Spanish) they will be encouraged to move and jump by these ocean themed toys.
From day one till the last day of its recommended use, your baby will feel perfectly comfortable. Because, for your ever-growing baby, it has got 4 different height positions. You baby can rotate 360 around, so no toy will remain neglected or overlooked. Also, the jumper is perfectly safe for your baby. It is free from lead and other toxic materials. So, even after a long period of usage, no health question will arise.
- Item weight: 14 pounds
- Dimensions: 32 x 32 x 33.1 inches
- 4 different adjustable heights
- 360-degree rotation
- Ocean themed design
- Removable turtle has got numbers and colors teaching feature in three different languages
- Recommended for babies over 6 months and those who weigh under 25 pounds
- Unique design will enhance the baby’s eagerness to express
- Comfortable throughout the lifespan
- Safe and free from toxic substances
- Long lasting jumper
Some of the traditional jumpers can be a bit bulky. They might pose problems to some of the parents who have smaller space or simply don’t like bulky stuff. The Fisher-Price Woodland Friends Spacesaver Jumperoo will expertly save space and let your baby has all the jumping fun he/she needs. It is portable, can be folded flat. So, carrying it is no problem at all.
This jumper offers very good safety for the baby all the while. The baby will jump in this jumper, that’s the first and foremost task of this product. So, it must offer sufficient durability and strength, so that the baby won’t find himself/herself in a critical position. The Fisher-Price SpaceSaver is perfectly capable of keeping your baby safe throughout the use. The springs are enclosed by fabric and out of the reach of the baby, so the baby’s fingers and other parts will remain perfectly safe. This jumper doesn’t need any doorway. Though, the parents should be aware of the fact that this one is not appropriate for children who can’t hold their head up without outside help. Also, the use of this jumper stops when the baby can climb out or walk.
This amazing low cost jumper has got some nice encouraging features for the baby. It rewards the baby through lights, sound, and music for coming back and jumping. There is an overhead toy bar, which has got more toys for the baby to have fun with.
- Item weight: 11.6 pounds
- Dimensions: 7 x 23 x 23.5 pounds
- 4 point height adjustment
- 360 degree rotation
- Machine washable seat pad
- Folds completely flat for portability
- Sounds, music, and lights used as rewarding system
- Requires assembly
- Plastic construction
- Compatible with children more than six months old until they can walk or climb out
- The price of this product is unbelievable. Such a good jumper at a very cheap price
- It is lead and toxic free, the springs are guarded by fabric and kept out of the baby’s reach, so it’s doing a fine job offering safety to everyone
- The baby will learn very easily and will grow an interest towards study from the very young age
- Portable, it fords flat. So, you can take it with you wherever you want
- Doesn’t eat up space. It can easily be carried and stored. The maintenance of this one is also easy, the fabric of this jumper is machine washable
- Assembly needed. Though the process is easy, you’ll find difficulties if you’re a first timer
- More pricey jumpers have more flashy and eye-catching toys
There are many jumpers on the market which offer good service. But, if you want better than most of them, you should go for Evenflo ExerSaucer Jump and Lean Jumper. Your child will be able to take a great leap towards mental and physical development through this jumper.
Plastic, metal and polyester fabric has been used to construct this jumper. It has got a wide range of features and toys. There is a bouncing base underneath the jumper, which is soft and protects the baby legs from getting hurt. It also offers stability for the child in early stages.
The learn and play feature of this jumper can be customized according to your choice. There are removable ‘take with me’ toys which let the baby have fun even when he/she’s not in this jumper.
Your baby will remain comfortable all the while, thanks to the 3-position height adjustment. Usually, parents like products which are easy to operate and maintain because they have so many other jobs and duties to do. The Evenflo ExerSaucer Jump and Learn has got removable and machine washable seat pad. Consequently, you can tend it without breaking a sweat at all.
There are more than 17 activities this jumper offers, and they all will reinforce and develop the baby’s mental and physical health
- Item weight: 22 pounds
- Dimensions: 10 x 23.5 x 29 inches
- Bouncer pad underneath the jumper
- More than 17 activities
- Plastic, metal and polyester construction
- Machine washable fabric
- 3- adjustable height
- Removable take with me toys
- Expertly develops the neck, legs and other body parts of the baby through encouraging him/her to exercise, also develops the psyche
- Comfortable and safe for the baby. No security hazards recorded
- Many different toys to choose from, some toys are removable, so your baby won’t miss the fun even when he/she is out of this jumper
- The maintenance process is easy. The fabric is machine washable
- Not the lightest of jumpers
- No canopy, so it isn’t ideal for using outside the house
Fisher-Price has got a number of jumpers in their stock. Each of them offers something special and fulfill different requirements for different parents. The Laugh & Learn Jumperoo has got a fine collection of toys and entertaining features for the baby.
It has got preset music which can be used to entertain the baby. Five cheerful songs will lift both of you and your child’s mood. There are six toy stations and two overhead toys. The baby will enjoy the stay with jumping, spinning, thus developing his/her motor skills all the while.
The Laugh & Learn jumperoo is constructed in a way which is absolutely safe and friendly for the child. The child can rotate 360 degrees and the springs are covered with fabric so that the baby won’t get harmed. The strongly built steel-plastic dual frame can stand alone and doesn’t require any doorway.
This jumper can be used for children who can hold their head up unassisted; till they reach the weight and height limit 25 pounds and 32 inches. While the baby grows, the jumper can be adjusted to the desired height it needs to have. It has got 3 different height setting.
The Fisher-Price Laugh & Learn is really fun to maintain. The parents won’t face any difficulty whatsoever. The seat pad of this jumper can be washed by machine and also dryer safe.
- Item weight: 17 pounds
- Dimensions: 32.5 x 32.5 x 31.5 inches
- Six toy stations and two overhead toys
- Lights and five songs
- 3-adjustable heights
- The jumper seat rotates 360 and the springs are covered with soft fabric
- Recommended use: Since the baby can hold his head up till the baby reaches 25-pound weight or 32 inches height
- Machine washable seat pad
- Solid construction, durable, self-standing and doesn’t require any doorway
- Offers maximum comfort for the baby
- Various toys, music, lights all aid the mental and physical growth of the child
- Very easy for the parents to maintain
- No chance of safety breach
- The price is on the higher side, which itself isn’t a problem for everybody. But, it doesn’t offer too many additional features to cover up the additional money it costs more than average ones.
For your little princess, the Disney Baby MINNIE MOUSE PickABoo can be the perfect jumper. This jumper is designed with a popular Disney cartoon character Minnie Mouse. This fine product will let your girl enjoy her childhood and will help her to grow her motor skills and other attributes
While the design is eye-catching, this jumper doesn’t lag behind on affectivity either. Perfectly capable of holding its own among the very best jumpers, this one is built in a balanced way. There is a range of toys for the baby to play with. There are more than 12 attractive toys and activities installed in this jumper.
The toys include tactile leaf stalk, heart-shaped mirror, spinning ball with colorful beads and the Minnie Mouse bead chaser toy. You can also attach more of the favorite toys with this jumper. There are 3 link loops which can be used to tie the favorite toys of the child.
Lights and sounds of the electronic monitor keep the baby encouraged to interact. It has got two volume options for convenience. This jumper will be absolutely appropriate for the baby as long as they don’t cross the recommended weight or height limit. The jumper can be altered to 4 different heights, so the baby remains calm and comfortable all the time.
This is a jumper customized for the female children, and it can be one of the best gifts you can get from someone while in parenthood.
- Item weight: 15.8 pounds
- Dimensions: 31 x 27 x 34 inches
- More than 12 toys and activities
- 3 link loops to add more of the favorite toys of the baby
- 4- adjustable heights
- Electronic station produces lights and sounds
- Machine washable seat pad
- Maximum recommended weight: 24.2 pounds
- Enhances the motor skills of your baby
- Offers good value for the money it costs
- Baby remains comfortable all the time thanks to the adjustable height positions
- Beautiful Minnie Mouse themed design will enchant the baby
- Your baby will find the time enjoyable with interesting toys
- Doesn’t take much effort to maintain and clean it
- Fairly priced
- Excellent style, but the features are more or less common. Doesn’t offer anything out of the box
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)
Since when can I start using a baby jumper for my baby and when will the baby outgrow it?
There are many kinds of baby jumpers available on the market. Usually, you can start using jumpers from around 3-4 months of the baby’s age, or since the baby can hold the head up without any assistance. From then, you can use these products until they weigh 25-28 pounds or around the time when they can walk or climb out of the jumper. Most of the jumpers come with instruction about the recommended time, weight and height of the baby. You should follow them as different products have different weight limits
Manufacturers say that jumpers help babies develop their motor skills, is it true? If so, how does the process work?
Yes, baby jumpers usually are helpful for the development of the baby. While the baby remains inside the jumper, he/she moves and jumps, causing the neck, legs and other joints of the body to strengthen. Many of the jumpers like Fisher-Price and Baby Einstein jumpers have got reward system. So, when the baby jumps or moves, the electronic modules reward them with music, sounds, and lights. This encourages the baby to move and interact more. Then there are various toys of different themes which are attached to the jumpers, babies can play with them. Some of the jumpers have got numbers and language teaching features too. They all help the baby to grow mentally. So, jumpers are advisable for your baby’s development.
There are some jumpers which require doorways and some don’t, why is that? What are the basic differences between them?
A doorway jumper hangs itself suspended from a cable attached to the door frame. While on the other hand, a free-standing jumperoo doesn’t require any doorway or additional help to function. You can’t move the doorway jumper easily once it is set, but stationary activity jumpers can be moved from room to room. While the jumperoos usually take more space, they offer better stability and portability. Both of these kinds of jumpers are adored by the parents, but free-standing jumpers might have the edge over the other one because it is easier to use. Also, doorway jumpers depend on the doorway, so if your doorway isn’t strong enough, it isn’t safe.
Among the thousands of products available in the market, choosing the best one for the baby is not easy at all. But, choosing the wrong one might have grueling consequences. That’s why we’ve analyzed, researched and elected the top contemporary baby jumpers for you. We’ve had exhausting research done on them and present them in front of you as they are. All of them has their merits but no product is perfect, so they also have their areas where improvement is needed. But, right now, they are the best option.
We’ve assembled a list with different kinds of jumpers, but with maximum quality and must-have features. There are some additional things you should follow to keep your baby safe in the jumper. The floor should be clear of sharp or slippery objects and must not be wet. Also, the floor should be flat. Stairs and pools are hazardous areas for babies, so you shouldn’t use a jumper near any of those. After the baby outgrows the recommended weight and height limit, stop using the jumper. And never leave your baby unattended.
If you choose to buy one of the jumpers from the list, you’ll get a product which will accompany your baby for a good time and be one of his/her favorites. Also, you’ll definitely be satisfied with their performance.